Chevrolet S-10 Origins
The S Series of General Motors vehicles includes domestically produced pickup trucks. Due to effects of the Arab oil embargo in the early 1970s, GM began to design compact pickup trucks and manufacture them in the U.S. The first of these compact pickups, the Chevrolet S-10 and the GMC S-15, was released in 1982. The latter later received the name GMC Sonoma. The two models are identical apart from the name and badges, the grille, and the tailgate. A third truck, the Isuzu Hombre, was also available in the U.S. on the same platform, but much of its styling was unique to it.
Chevy ended production of the Chevrolet S-10 and replaced it with the Chevrolet Colorado in 2004. The GMC Canyon replaced the GMC version of the pickup. Both of these midsize pickup trucks continue to be produced today. In Brazil, the Chevrolet S-10 continues to be manufactured. It underwent a refresh in 2010 and a redesign for the 2013 model year, and there are four different trim levels currently available.About the Chevrolet S-10
The 1994 model line saw the inclusion of the second generation of the Chevrolet S-10 compact pickup trucks. This generation of S-10 models remains the final one produced in the U.S. and ended in 2004. The changes made to the S-10 pickups for this generation made it similar to, and a better competitor with, the Ford Ranger. The last generation of the S-10 model maintains much of the chassis used for the first generation.
The engine options represent the most notable change. The only engine to make it to the second generation is the 4.3-liter Vortec V-6 engine, which Chevrolet modified and enhanced for the second generation. In addition, a 2.2-liter, four-cylinder engine came on the new models of the S-10. The V-6 engine has a power rating of 150 horsepower, while the 2.2-liter, four-cylinder engine rated at 118 horsepower. Most models have two-wheel drive, but four-wheel drive came as an option. Both options offer either a four-speed automatic transmission or a five-speed manual gearbox.
1994 saw the launch of the ZR2 offroad package. When Chevrolet first launched the package, it only came with the new second-generation four-wheel drive Chevrolet S-10 or the GMC Sonoma pickups. This package provided the pickups with increased ground clearance, a significantly wider track, larger tires, and other features for improved performance in off-road conditions. This package remained available until 2003.
In 1996, Chevrolet modified the engine and added a third door to the extended cab versions of the S-10. The third door is located in the rear and aims to make loading cargo and passenger entry easier into the rear compartment of the cab. The rear compartment does not include permanent seating, featuring a jump seat instead.
1998 saw a major refresh of the pickup with the interior and exterior styling updated, and the brakes and engine modified. In 2001, a crew cab option became available on top of the extended and regular cab styles. The crew cab version of the S-10 remained until 2004, while the regular and extended cab styles were discontinued in 2003.Chevrolet S-10 Evolution
The first generation of the Chevrolet S-10 featured several parts from other GM lines, specifically body parts. The base model contained a 1.9-liter, four-cylinder Isuzu engine. A 2.8-liter V-6 engine that produced 110 horsepower was available as an option in regular or extended cab body styles. The regular cab style had two wheelbase length options that allowed for either a short or a long bed. The extended cab style came with a short bed only.
The following year, GM launched the Chevrolet S-10 Blazer and the GMC S-15 Jimmy, which were both compact sport utility vehicles. With the introduction of these compact SUVs, GM became the second company to produce compact SUVs after Jeep. In the early 1990s, GM launched four-door variants of the compact SUVs. Again, GM was the second to market this style of vehicle behind Jeep.
In 1984, offroad, as well as heavy-duty, suspensions were added. At the same time, the pickup came equipped with a hydraulic clutch, and a diesel engine became an option. The diesel engine only lasted one year and was discontinued in 1985. The 1.9-liter engine was also discontinued at the same time as the diesel engine. Instead of these engines, the new S-10 was offered with either the 2.5-liter Iron Duke engine from Pontiac, or a 2.8-liter V-6 engine. 1988 saw the addition of a 4.3-liter V-6 engine, and anti-lock brakes were added in 1989.